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How Does Hemp CBD Oil Work in Our Body?

As scientific research into cannabinoids continues, we are only just beginning to unlock the potential of this powerful natural medicine. Hemp CBD oil is hailed for its therapeutic properties which can help users manage a wide variety of health problems. But what is it about CBD that makes it such a powerful weapon against a broad range of illnesses? How does CBD oil work in our body? 

To understand why CBD oil is so effective, we must first look to our body’s endocannabinoid system, or ECS. 

What Does the Endocannabinoid System Regulate?

The ECS is an intricate network of cell receptors and corresponding molecules responsible for regulating the body’s most vital physiological processes. Our bodies naturally produce the endocannabinoids we need in order to self-regulate functions such as: 

  • Sleep
  • Appetite
  • Memory 
  • Stress
  • Pain
  • Mood
  • Reproduction and Fertility
  • Immune System
  • Inflammation
  • Skin Function
  • Cardiovascular Function
  • Motor Function
  • Liver Function
  • Nerve Function

We maintain a balance of endocannabinoids to distribute throughout the body as we need them, or at least that’s how things are supposed to work when we’re at optimal health. 

The reality, however, is that sometimes we experience an imbalance. Whenever our systems are under assault by illness, stress, pain, or other conditions, our natural reserve of endocannabinoids can become depleted. 

In addition to responding to the endocannabinoids naturally produced by your body, scientists now know that your cell receptors will also respond to cannabinoids from external sources, including the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol, or CBD. Much like a daily vitamin that helps our system address nutrient deficiencies, research shows that hemp-derived CBD can naturally correct the deficiencies in the body’s Endocannabinoid System.

By stimulating the Endocannabinoid System, CBD promotes homeostasis, reduces pain sensation, and decreases inflammation.

What Receptors Does CBD Bind to in the ECS?

As cannabinoids work their way through our system, they attach to the receptors where they are most needed throughout the nervous system, organs, and tissues. The two primary cannabinoid receptors in your body are called CB1 and CB2. 

Each area of the body corresponds to one of these receptors. For example, CB1 receptors exist in the brain and spinal cord. These help regulate appetite, memory, learning, and pain. CB2 receptors exist mostly in the immune system and regulate inflammation throughout the body. Some parts of the body may correspond with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors. 

  • Brain: CB1
  • Lungs: CB1
  • Spleen: CB2
  • Vascular System: CB2
  • Immune System: CB2
  • Bones: CB2
  • Reproductive System: CB2
  • Colon: CB2
  • Pancreas: CB1 and CB2
  • Muscles: CB1 and CB2
  • Liver: CB1 and CB2

Cannabinoids and Quality in the ECS

There are 113 naturally-occurring compounds in the cannabis plant and our bodies can receive them in very different ways.   

Unlike the psychoactive compound in cannabis known as THC, CBD interacts with the body’s receptors in a way that does not induce a high, while still influencing the way we experience pain, illness, and inflammation. The CB1 and CB2 cell receptors in our bodies are able to receive and process CBD quickly because of its ability to mimic our own naturally-occurring endocannabinoids. 

A high-quality full spectrum CBD oil like WelCel will replace those depleted endocannabinoids with natural cannabinoids from the hemp plant, allowing our receptors to once again properly regulate the body. 

The quality of the product you use can have a significant effect in how your system reacts to CBD. The higher the quality of the CBD oil, the easier it will be to process and the more your body will benefit. Plant terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, and other compounds found in hemp increase the benefits and strengthen the overall potential effects.

How Long Does It Take CBD Hemp Oil to Work?

The amount of time it takes someone to feel the effects of CBD can be influenced by a range of factors. 

  • Metabolism: Those with a higher metabolism will process CBD at a faster rate and are therefore more likely to experience relief from CBD before those with slower metabolism
  • Weight: The more you weigh, the higher the dosage your body will require before registering the effect. 
  • Dosage: The recommended dosage of each product appears on the label, though this amount is only a guideline and will vary from person to person. Generally, a dosage of around 50 to 60mg will work for most people. When in doubt, It’s best to start with a lower dosage, monitor the effects, and work your way up slowly over the course of several days in order to feel relief. 
  • Method: CBD comes in many different forms, each with its own unique way of entering our system. A few drops of CBD placed under the tongue will move through the body much faster than, say, a topical CBD ointment. 

Medications can also alter how fast our bodies metabolize CBD, or sometimes block it from metabolizing at all. Before using CBD to treat symptoms of illness, it’s best to consult a doctor who can recommend a method of CBD therapy that makes the most sense for you.